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| Last Updated: 29/11/2018

Upcoming Event

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World Wetlands Day 2018

World Wetlands Day is celebrated every year on 2nd February. This day marks the date of adoption of the Convention on Wetlands on 2nd February 1971, in the Iranian city of Ramsar on the shores of the Caspian Sea. The day is an opportune event for promoting, creating awareness and ensuring positive actions for conservation of wetlands. Wetlands are areas saturated with water, permanently or seasonally, giving it a character of distinct ecosystem. Wetlands can be inland (such as swamps, marshes and lakes), coastal and near shore marine (such as coral reefs, mangroves, sea grass beds and estuaries) and human-made (such as reservoirs, tanks and fish ponds). As per the National Wetland Atlas prepared by Space Application Centre, India has 0.75 million wetlands covering an area of 15.26 million ha (roughly equivalent 4.6% of country’s land area).
Wetlands are vital for human survival. They are among the world’s most productive ecosystems and are cradles of biological diversity that provide water and productivity upon which countless species of plants and animals depend for survival. Wetlands are a source of a diverse range of ecosystem services which include freshwater supply, food and building materials, flood control, water quality improvement, groundwater recharge, recreation and climate change mitigation.
World Wetlands Day was celebrated on 02.02.18 to commemorate the signing of international treaty “’Ramsar Convention on Wetlands” in 1971 for conservation of wetland at the global level.